Creating Stock

Creating Stock is an intricate process in setting up your component for manufacturing.

Stock is needed by Simulator, to show how the initial billet of material is being machined (if not already created, stock for Simulator can be automatically created on starting Simulator – you see a confirmation prompt).

Stock can be used by roughing cycles, so that the cycle knows where to remove material.  Use fixtures to represent how the work piece will be clamped to help avoid collisions. There are settings for avoiding fixtures in the Roughing cycle, for example.

Stock Notes

•    Stock is dynamic – it can be updated throughout
the sequence to show the effects of machining (so
roughing toolpaths can be adjusted accordingly). You
update usingM-Functions menu ►Update Stock.

•    The stock can be assigned to spindles on creating
a sequence.

•    Once created, you can assign the fixture as fixed,
or to an axis or spindle (dependent on the machine
capabilities). This is so that Simulator is aware of the
movement of the stock or fixture, so it can show any
collisions or gouges. (Note that for fixtures you then
need to use M-Functions menu ►Update Fixtures
so that the fixture is visible in Simulator).

•    Stock and Fixture items appear in the Features
window (Tree view).

•    Use Display toolbar ►Toggle Stock untitled-2.jpg to
switch between wireframe and translucent display of
stock and fixtures.

In Mill/Turn, the stock you see in Manufacture mode
depends on the tool selected. With a turn (static)
tool selected you see the ‘2D turn envelop’ stock.
With a milling (driven) tool selected, you see the 3D

•    When creating stock from a solid, the display
tolerance – which controls the faceting –  can affect
the size of the stock.

The dialog options are:

Automatic Stock   Check this to use the ‘Box Offset’ or
‘Cylinder Offset’ settings below to
define the stock.

Turn Envelope     This is only enabled in the Turn (ZX)
environment, and with ‘Shape’ set to
‘Digitize’ (below).

The geometry you digitize is
additionally used to form a ‘turn
envelope’ 2D turn stock outline. You
use this in the same way as a ‘Turn
Billet’ outline (see below).

The envelope represents the smallest
volume billet that you could machine
(turn) into the stock item.

The turn envelope and its solid body
stock are collected into a single item.
In mill/turning, you see the stock
represented by its turn envelope
(turn tool selected), or in its 3D form
(driven tool selected).

Type                      Select between Stock and Fixture.

Shape                   This setting determines how the
stock is derived.

        Box              You make two digitizes to define
opposite corners of the box. See
also ‘Depth’ below.

        Cylinder       You make two digitizes to define
the top and bottom extents of
the cylinder. See also ‘Radius’

Profile         You digitize a 2D profile. See also
‘Depth’ below.  Edges and faces
should not cross over or exactly
meet as Simulator converts the
profile into a solid and this will
cause an illegal operation.  Use
‘Turn Billet’ in the Turn (ZX)

         Turn Billet  Generates 2D Turn stock from the
selected wireframe profile. This
option is typically used when
rough turning from casting or
forging to reduce air cutting and
to optimize cycle times.

The profile geometry must be
open.  The profile geometry need
not start and/or end on the
centerline; this is enforced

           Digitize     You digitize a solid body or STL
model, which becomes the stock
item.  Although the geometry is
transferred to the Stock layer, it
is unaffected by this. In solid
bodies for example, you can still
find features or digitize the body
for machining. You control the
rendering of the solid using
Display toolbar ►Toggle Stock.
See also ‘Turn Envelope’ above.

Depth                   (Manual stock/fixture creation only)
Specifies the depth of the profile or
box stock/fixture. In Turn (ZX) this is
a Y depth. In Mill (XY) this is a Z

Radius                 (Manual stock/fixture creation only)
Specifies a radius of a cylindrical

Color                    The color of the stock or fixture.

Layer                    The layer the stock or fixture is to be
placed on. This is automatically set
to Stock or Fixture to match the
‘Type’ setting, but you can override
this and specify another existing
layer (select from the drop-down
list) or a new layer (type). Your
override setting is remembered and
not replaced by the Type setting;
reset Layer to Stock or Fixture to
revert to automatic settings.

Style                     The style for the lines of the stock or
fixture outline (Solid, Dotted and so

Box Offset 

X/Y/Z Min/Max       (Automatic stock creation only)
These fields allow you to add
offsets to the stock. A positive
value will enlarge the bounding box
irrespective of its position relative
to the CPL. Offsets are incremental
and not absolute.

Cylinder Offset 

Start/End Extension   (Automatic stock creation only)
Allows the length at either end of
the cylinder stock to be extended.

Radius Extension     (Automatic stock creation only)
Allows the radius of the cylinder
stock to be extended.


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